Commenced research studies at York university in Autumn 2017 in Foundations of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Information. This complements my previous two taught masters in astrophysics (Queen Mary, dissertation on the multiverse) and philosophy (Birkbeck, dissertation on quantum mechanics), and some maths and physics modules at the Open University. This research at York is formally a masters, which leads on to the doctorate. The PhD will probably be completed at a London university.

My supervisor from September 2017, Professor Paul Busch, suddenly passed away from a stroke on June 9th 2018. This was the day after I had my laryngectomy, an operation that removed my vocal chords, which was performed in order to cut away throat cancer. I then spent a month in hospital. I have just completed (September 2018) 6 weeks of radiotherapy and the side effects are severe. The university have granted me 6 months leave of absence, but I am keen to spend my enforced increased time at home on doctorate studies.

Paul Busch was a wonderful man.

My new supervisor at York is Dr Stefan Weigert,

Documents so far written (September 2018) are:

  • The Problem of Time, (September 2018) (Unfinished, not proofed)
  • Bell’s theorem (Submitted 15th August 2018)
  • Entanglement Measures, (Submitted 29th July 2018)
  • 10-5-2018 (Submitted 9th May 2018)
  • York 5-3-2018 (Submitted 5th March 2018)

The area I am particularly interested in is my proposition that, at the quantum level, time does not exist. The specific area of entanglement, whereby the paradox of correlation upon measurement between distant entangled particles is instantaneous, may be an explanation to this dilemma by this approach to time. Julian Barbour seems to be the only author I have so far discovered working in related areas, but – even he recognises –  does not offer any satisfying statements. I would be particularly thankful for any guidance to other authors or alternative strategies.

Some pertinent literature (click on the title):


“Because the time parameter in the Schrödinger equation is not observable, energy apparently obeys a superselection rule in the same sense that charge does. That is, observabies must all commute with the Hamiltonian and hence be stationary. This means that it is consistent with all observations to assume that any closed system such as the Universe is in a stationary state. We show how the observed dynamic evolution of a system can be described entirely in terms of stationary observables as a dependence upon internal clock readings”

A review of some basic facts of classical dynamics shows that time, or precisely duration, is redundant as a fundamental concept. Duration and the behaviour of clocks emerge from a timeless law that governs change